Summary

  • One in four of the 2.5 million people living with HIV in the European Region is estimated to be undiagnosed
  • Those who remain undiagnosed until a late stage of infection are at risk of serious illness and death
  • Almost half of the people living with HIV across the European Region are diagnosed at a late stage of infection
  • While undiagnosed, they are much more likely to transmit the infection than those who are diagnosed and on effective treatment
  • Guidelines now recommend that treatment should be initiated in all people diagnosed with HIV, however early their infection
  • With early diagnosis and prompt access to treatment, a person diagnosed with HIV can now expect to live almost as long as someone who does not have HIV
  • Without treatment, people with HIV experience a range of opportunistic infections, malignancies, and other conditions during the course of their infection – more than 90% experience one or more skin conditions 2
  • By testing people who present with conditions which may indicate HIV infection (HIV indicator conditions) dermatovenereologists can play a vital role in diagnosing previously undiagnosed HIV infection, thus enabling earlier access to treatment and reducing HIV-related mortality and morbidity

Dermatovenereologists can save lives by testing for HIV.

Why test for HIV? / Why is HIV testing important?

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